It appears that the Marathi Manoos is misunderstood by many learned analysts.
Delhi is the capital of India. States and that too the states based on language were formed to maintain the identity of the region and to have a better communication between the government and the people.
What is Mumbai?
Delhi is political capital and Bombay is commercial capital, so that every Indian should have equal right. Somehow Bombay has been merged with Maharashtra, but at that time it was assured by the government that its Five Colors (पंच-रंग) would be maintained. One must know that how Mumbai has been founded and got developed.
Katchi-s, Kathiyavadi-s, Parsi-s, Konkani-s and Anglo Indians have founded and developed Mumbai.
Earlier Mumbai was an island. It was a thinly populated island with Konkani and Kolis. Kolis are the people doing fishing at the western seashore right from Katch through Saurashtra (Kathiyawad) and south Gujarat.
The British decided to develop Mumbai when they got it as dowry from Portuguese in first half of nineteen century.
Katchi, Kathiyavadi-s, South Gujarati-s (Parsi-s got included in 10th Century), were doing sailing and trading with Africa, Arab Stan and Java-Sumatra (Indonesia) since the time immemorial. These people got concentrated in Mumbai by virtue of their experience. They also employed local people of Ghat (Western Ghat). Gradually they became in majority as they are supposed to be. In this way Katchi, Gujarati, Marathi, Konkani and Anglo Indians are the founders and developers of Mumbai.
Policy of Congress since 1918
Until first half of the ninety fifties it was the policy of Congress to have states based on Language. But as for Mumbai and as and when the other big cities crosses the population 50 lakhs, it should be ruled by Central States. Mumbai was already having a Mumbai Pradesh Congress Committee hence it was to be central state. But Marathi people wanted Mumbai in Maharashtra based on the major population (40-45 percent).
Nehru Conspired to defame Morarji Desai
Marathi people agitated and secured bulk number of seats in Mumbai, Maharashtra and Konkan in 1957 general elections. Nehru had foreseen this. To avoid the loss of power, Nehru lead Congress made a State named Bombay State comprised of Katch, Kathiyawad (Saurashtra), Mumbai, Maharashtra, Konkan and Karnataka in 1956.
Nehru knew that this arrangement was not to function for a longer time.
Nehru declared that if Maharashtra gets Mumbai, he would be pleased. This was a mischievous and a low dignified statement if it comes out from a top leader like Nehru. It was an uncalled statement. Nehru wanted to play a game.
Nehru’s statement was interpreted by pro-Nehruvian leaders that Gujaratis (Katchi, Kathiyavadi-s and Gujaratis) are responsible for preventing Mumbai to be in Maharashtra.
Nehru was very much crooked and tactful to divide the people.
First, he made Bilingual state (Gujarati-Marathi) in 1956 with a view that the power can be maintained in the Bombay province, even if Marathi people vote against Congress. Nehru was sure that any loss in seats in Maharashtra would be made up in Gujarat. But Gujarati speaking people especially Central Gujarati and North Gujarati wanted a separate state “Maha Gujarat” comprised of Katch, Saurashtra and Gujarat. They agitated for this.
Nehru was happy because any minor loss to Congress in Gujarat was to be useful to defame Morarji Desai (Morarji Desai was internal rival of Nehru). Nehru was very much successful in his game.
By the formation of bilingual state, congress could retain power in the region of Bombay province.
How to form states was the policy matter of the Central working committee of Congress. Nehru wanted to pass blame on others. He wanted to shirk from the responsibility. To side line his self he stated that he would be happy if Marathi people get Bombay. In fact Gujarati-s had never demanded Mumbai. But Nehru wanted to give an impression and a wrong message to Marathi people that Gujarati-s are the only obstructions for Maharashtra in getting Mumbai in proposed Maharashtra state.
Gujarati-s were beaten in Mumbai and they were forced to leave Mumbai. Some Gujaratis left Mumbai. This caused to paralyse the functioning of Industries. This was because 90 percent Industries belonged to Gujarati and 70 percent trade was also with Gujarati (Gujarati speaking includes Marvadi also.
Gujarati and Marathi lived together for centuries. It was Nehru of Congress who divided them in 1954.
Somehow, sooner the Marathi people realized that Bombay cannot function without Gujaratis. It was an extremely long way to go without Gujarati in Mumbai.
Why did Gujaratis want Gujarat?
This was mainly because less development was getting planned for Gujarat region.
e.g. It was a decision to construct roads in India as per “Colombo Plan”. The execution of roads in Maharashtra region was well ahead, and in Gujarat it was not even started.
Initially Saurashtra region was a separate state. Its CM Uchhangarai Dhebar had done a lot work in Saurashtra. Only Gujarat region was backward. Katch was also backward.
Nehru’s other game to secure votes
Nehru who disguised himself as a leader having faith in non-violence, attacked Div, Daman and Goa. These were colonies of Portuguese before the general elections of 1962. In 1960 he gave Mumbai to Maharashtra.
Gujarat was punished by denying Mount Abu and Dang to Gujarat.
Nehru imposed Jivraj Mehta as the C M on Gujarat. Jivraj Mehta, his gang leaders like Rasikbhai Parikh, Ratubhai Adani etc… in an behind the curtain joint venture defeated some big leaders of Congress in Gujarat where Morarji Desai had a strong hold.
Morarji desai took revenge. He got dismissed Jivaraj Mehta on the plea that Jivraj Mehta incorporated two Ministers who had been alleged for their doubtful integrity, some charges of corruption and activities against some Congress candidates in general elections 1962 of Gujarat. Jivraj Mehta was a man of Nehru, who was trying to make Morarji weak in Gujarat.
Nehru and his daughter had tried their best to defame Morarji Desai and to provide injustice to Gujarat and Gujaratis.
Central Government used to deprive Gujarat of any public sector project.
Even when natural oil was discovered in Gujarat basin near Bhavnagar, it was put under Bombay-high region so that royalty can go to Maharashtra. ONGC HQ was kept in Dehradoon instead of Gujarat, so that even the recruitment of Class-IV category employment can be denied to Gujarat.
In this way Gujarat has been denied for its genuine rights.
Fortunately Gujarati historically, is a community of sail and trade. Thereby some private and small industries could get developed.
Manubhai Shah who was the Minister of Industries and trade, had established small scale Industrial Corporation in every Tehsil in Saurashtra. This line was picked up by Gujarat, when a greater Gujarat (present Gujarat State) was formed in 1962.
How Aamchi Mumbai and Marathi Manoos is any way related to this information?
Shirish Mohanlal Dave
Katch, Saurashtra, Kathiyavad, Central Gujarat, South Gujarat,sail, trade, public sector, industries, Maharashtra, Karnatak, Konkan, Mumbai, Bombay, iceland, province, state, British, Parsi, bilingual, Congress, policy, Morarji, Desai, Jivraj