Archive for October, 2014

It appears that the Marathi Manoos is misunderstood by many learned analysts.


Delhi is the capital of India. States and that too the states based on language were formed to maintain the identity of the region and to have a better communication between the government and the people.

What is Mumbai?

Delhi is political capital and Bombay is commercial capital, so that every Indian should have equal right. Somehow Bombay has been merged with Maharashtra, but at that time it was assured by the government that its Five Colors (पंच-रंग) would be maintained. One must know that how Mumbai has been founded and got developed.

Katchi-s, Kathiyavadi-s, Parsi-s, Konkani-s and Anglo Indians have founded and developed Mumbai.

Earlier Mumbai was an island. It was a thinly populated island with Konkani and Kolis. Kolis are the people doing fishing at the western seashore right from Katch through Saurashtra (Kathiyawad) and south Gujarat.

The British decided to develop Mumbai when they got it as dowry from Portuguese in first half of nineteen century.

Katchi, Kathiyavadi-s, South Gujarati-s (Parsi-s got included in 10th Century), were doing sailing and trading with Africa, Arab Stan and Java-Sumatra (Indonesia) since the time immemorial. These people got concentrated in Mumbai by virtue of their experience. They also employed local people of Ghat (Western Ghat). Gradually they became in majority as they are supposed to be. In this way Katchi, Gujarati, Marathi, Konkani and Anglo Indians are the founders and developers of Mumbai.

Policy of Congress since 1918

Until first half of the ninety fifties it was the policy of Congress to have states based on Language. But as for Mumbai and as and when the other big cities crosses the population 50 lakhs, it should be ruled by Central States. Mumbai was already having a Mumbai Pradesh Congress Committee hence it was to be central state. But Marathi people wanted Mumbai in Maharashtra based on the major population (40-45 percent).

Nehru Conspired to defame Morarji Desai

Marathi people agitated and secured bulk number of seats in Mumbai, Maharashtra and Konkan in 1957 general elections. Nehru had foreseen this. To avoid the loss of power, Nehru lead Congress made a State named Bombay State comprised of Katch, Kathiyawad (Saurashtra), Mumbai, Maharashtra, Konkan and Karnataka in 1956.

Nehru knew that this arrangement was not to function for a longer time.

Nehru declared that if Maharashtra gets Mumbai, he would be pleased. This was a mischievous and a low dignified statement if it comes out from a top leader like Nehru. It was an uncalled statement. Nehru wanted to play a game.

Nehru’s statement was interpreted by pro-Nehruvian leaders that Gujaratis (Katchi, Kathiyavadi-s and Gujaratis) are responsible for preventing Mumbai to be in Maharashtra.

Nehru was very much crooked and tactful to divide the people.

First, he made Bilingual state (Gujarati-Marathi) in 1956 with a view that the power can be maintained in the Bombay province, even if Marathi people vote against Congress. Nehru was sure that any loss in seats in Maharashtra would be made up in Gujarat. But Gujarati speaking people especially Central Gujarati and North Gujarati wanted a separate state “Maha Gujarat” comprised of Katch, Saurashtra and Gujarat. They agitated for this.

Nehru was happy because any minor loss to Congress in Gujarat was to be useful to defame Morarji Desai (Morarji Desai was internal rival of Nehru). Nehru was very much successful in his game.

By the formation of bilingual state, congress could retain power in the region of Bombay province.

How to form states was the policy matter of the Central working committee of Congress. Nehru wanted to pass blame on others. He wanted to shirk from the responsibility. To side line his self he stated that he would be happy if Marathi people get Bombay. In fact Gujarati-s had never demanded Mumbai. But Nehru wanted to give an impression and a wrong message to Marathi people that Gujarati-s are the only obstructions for Maharashtra in getting Mumbai in proposed Maharashtra state.

Gujarati-s were beaten in Mumbai and they were forced to leave Mumbai. Some Gujaratis left Mumbai. This caused to paralyse the functioning of Industries. This was because 90 percent Industries belonged to Gujarati and 70 percent trade was also with Gujarati (Gujarati speaking includes Marvadi also.

Gujarati and Marathi lived together for centuries. It was Nehru of Congress who divided them in 1954.

Somehow, sooner the Marathi people realized that Bombay cannot function without Gujaratis. It was an extremely long way to go without Gujarati in Mumbai.

Why did Gujaratis want Gujarat?

This was mainly because less development was getting planned for Gujarat region.

e.g. It was a decision to construct roads in India as per “Colombo Plan”. The execution of roads in Maharashtra region was well ahead, and in Gujarat it was not even started.

Initially Saurashtra region was a separate state. Its CM Uchhangarai Dhebar had done a lot work in Saurashtra. Only Gujarat region was backward. Katch was also backward.

Nehru’s other game to secure votes

Nehru who disguised himself as a leader having faith in non-violence, attacked Div, Daman and Goa. These were colonies of Portuguese before the general elections of 1962. In 1960 he gave Mumbai to Maharashtra.

Gujarat was punished by denying Mount Abu and Dang to Gujarat.

Nehru imposed Jivraj Mehta as the C M on Gujarat. Jivraj Mehta, his gang leaders like Rasikbhai Parikh, Ratubhai Adani etc… in an behind the curtain joint venture defeated some big leaders of Congress in Gujarat where Morarji Desai had a strong hold.

Morarji desai took revenge. He got dismissed Jivaraj Mehta on the plea that Jivraj Mehta incorporated two Ministers who had been alleged for their doubtful integrity, some charges of corruption and activities against some Congress candidates in general elections 1962 of Gujarat. Jivraj Mehta was a man of Nehru, who was trying to make Morarji weak in Gujarat.

Nehru and his daughter had tried their best to defame Morarji Desai and to provide injustice to Gujarat and Gujaratis.

Central Government used to deprive Gujarat of any public sector project.

Even when natural oil was discovered in Gujarat basin near Bhavnagar, it was put under Bombay-high region so that royalty can go to Maharashtra. ONGC HQ was kept in Dehradoon instead of Gujarat, so that even the recruitment of Class-IV category employment can be denied to Gujarat.

In this way Gujarat has been denied for its genuine rights.

Fortunately Gujarati historically, is a community of sail and trade. Thereby some private and small industries could get developed.

Manubhai Shah who was the Minister of Industries and trade, had established small scale Industrial Corporation in every Tehsil in Saurashtra. This line was picked up by Gujarat, when a greater Gujarat (present Gujarat State) was formed in 1962.      

How Aamchi Mumbai and Marathi Manoos is any way related to this information?


Shirish Mohanlal Dave


Katch, Saurashtra, Kathiyavad, Central Gujarat, South Gujarat,sail, trade, public sector, industries, Maharashtra, Karnatak, Konkan, Mumbai, Bombay, iceland, province, state, British, Parsi, bilingual, Congress, policy, Morarji, Desai, Jivraj


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Yes I agree that Sardar Patel was more eligible to become PM than Nehru.

But Nehru was determined to break congress, had he not been made PM.

At that moment of time, it was not advisable to see the Congress gets broken. This is because, a broken Congress would be a weak Congress for fighting out the other greater challanges to come.

 There was a possibility of India could had been divided to five to ten or more pieces. e.g. Dalistan, Sikhistan, Dravidistan, Hyderabad, Junagadh, J&K, Palanpur and many other kingsly state could had been tempted to be separated from India, besides Pakistans.

Nehru was determined to take risk for the sake of power. (we have seen as to what his daughter did in 1969).

Gandhi could foresee the likely drama Nehru was to play for power at the cost to the nation.

Nehru was not capable to handle such big task of likely breaking India into pieces.

It was a great risk to allow breaking of Congress. Nehru had no majority in working committee of Congress at center and states. But he was a youth icon and highly popular too in public due to his many dramas against British Government under events of freedom struggle. One can read autobiography of Mahavir Tyagi for the details of dramas. This Mahavir Tyagi had become opponent of Nehru.

Gandhi could have removed Nehru by virtue of his strategy at a later stage. His first step was to dissove Congress. His second step was to go to Pakistan and convince people to re-unit India. No body is eternal in democracy. In 1952 elections Nehru could have been defeated. But Nehru was skillful to remove his competitors.

It is a matter of research as to why Nehru was not defeated even after his known blunders? Probably the leaders who could foresee the danger were in minority, and media loved Nehru too much.

Read for details


When we use any word, it is possible that it may not carry the same meaning for others.

When we use the word “democracy” it may carry different meaning for different persons.

If needed, a person has to define/describe the meaning of the word he/she uses as and when the meaning creates any dispute.

Democracy is a process where truth is heard and honored.

The truth unless it is challenged (denied)logically, it is honored.

In democracy everybody has freedom to express one’s opinion.

One has to be ready for exchange of information on which its own opinion to have been based.

Freedom of expression must not be based on pressure of violence or power.

The freedom of expression has to be based on non-violence.

It is the liberty of a person/people, to accept some body’s opinion with logic or otherwise. But it is not the liberty of any person or a mass of the people to be violent if an opinion is not acceptable.

Political Parties

The people having one ideology can prepare a group. The group can spread its ideology. It is up to individuals to accept the ideology and to join to it with logic or otherwise.

But one has to be always ready for discussion. There should be some systems for all these processes.

The group which has majority followers, will control the governance. The aim of the governance is the welfare of the people, geographically confined to an area of activity.

Now let us take the Congress.

The ideology of Congress, once upon a time was to establish democratic rights of the people of India through Non-Violence.

Thereby Gandhi had promoted that if we want such change we should involve mass of India in Congress, for better communication and depth at grass root level.

Gandhi had introduced the methods of protest in the struggle of freedom. All the protests were non-violent. The protester/s need to have faith in non-violence.


In democracy, if any law provides injustice, then that law becomes null and void. But this thing has be proved before a qualified and constitutionalized third party.

This authorized third party is the Court of Law. The Court of Law is the authority to interpret the law and the authenticity of the relevancy of the event based upon which a case of injustice has been produced before it.

It is not only a party member has a right to express and the  liberty to opine. It is also a liberty of a party too, to either follow some body’s opinion or not to follow that opinion.


If a person is not exerting any “power pressure” and expresses his views, such freedom is allowed in democracy.

What is “power pressure”?

One may hold an executive power by virtue of a law. One may hold the muscle power (punishment power) by a law.

One can oblige a person by using its executive power which he/she held by a law. This law can be supported by the constitution of the state or by the party’s constitution within the party, as the case may be. If there is a breach of law of any type, one has a liberty and the right to approach to the court of law.

If one holds the muscle power and it uses out of law, then it is undemocratic, and thereby the user can be convicted by court of law.



Gandhi had only citizen’s right to express his opinion.

Whenever MK Gandhi had been alleged for his so-called non-democratic approach, he held no power whatsoever.

Yes. He had moral power. The moral power is a logical power. As for holding a logical power a person has to be open for discussion. The rest have to come forward for the discussion. The persons who come forward for discussion, they have also the liberty to discard his opinion.

It is just like this. You have options. You can accept one’s opinion and follow to it, in accordance to the said opinion. Or you can reject his opinion and don’t follow the other’s opinion. Or you can modify that opinion. It is your liberty and right to discuss with him or to not discuss with him. You can have your own opinion. For any action based on any logic, it is the responsibility of person who is taking action by virtue of the execution power vested with him by the law.


Now let us take the example of “Chaura Chauri incident where Mahatma Gandhi had withdrawn his agitation which he had launched to protest against Rowlatt Act, in 1922 through civil disobedience.

Under the Rowlatt Act, the government had acquired a power to arrest protesters for indefinite period. Some leaders of the protesters were arrested who were protesting against some price rise. Then some people of Chauri Chaura agitated against these arrests and they become violate.

Violence is banned under the principles of Non-violent struggle. You can demand the release of the leaders but you cannot become violent.

In fact, whosoever is protesting, has to be ready to face the consequences and should be ready for punishment under the law of the land.

Since the call of civil disobedience was made by Congress and MK Gandhi was in Congress holding a post in working committee, he felt himself indirectly responsible for the violence.

MK Gandhi, on this ground, felt that still the mass had not understood and grasped the meaning of civil disobedience. Hence he withdrew the agitation. Off course this was a hypothetical conclusion. But Gandhi could convince himself and the working committee too, that the call was a premature call for agitation.


In 1934 MK Gandhi had resigned from the Congress.

But the Congress had free will to take advice of Gandhi. This was mainly due to the principles adopted and constituted by the Congress that the Congress would fight the struggle for complete independence under the principles of non-violence.

There were many groups in India and within the Congress too. But there were mainly two ideological groups. One had faith in Non-violence. Other had no faith in non-violence. These two groups were otherwise also having conflict. MK Gandhi naturally with the group having faith in non-violence. MK Gandhi had said that both these groups would not come against each others way while fighting for independence.

Some people had a false belief that Nehru could come up due to MK Gandhi only.

Nehru, Jinna, Subhash, Sardar Patel, Pant, Maulana Azad … the second generation was equally popular among second generation in public.

Nehru was having a starting lift due to his pop Motilal. Nehru was not a fool in politics. He had political skills. He was capable to side line his opponents. He therefore had made a group within Congress. This group was named as the socialistic group. But many had left progressively this group due to Nehru’s hypocrisy. It is a long story.

Nehru was in position and thereby he could defame his opponents through his group. Nehru had disguised his group as an ideological group as he used to speak philosophical language. Even after independence he could side lined his critics like Chakravarti Raj Gopalachari, Jai Prakash Narayana, Vinoba Bhave and lastly Morarji Desai without breaking Congress.

(Indira Gandhi was not that skillful. Under her quest of power, she could not avoid breaking of Congress. But she could manage with media till she could win the 1969 elections).

The other difference between Nehru and Indira was that Nehru was not thankless to some extent. Indira Gandhi was thankless and totally self-centered.

This was mainly because Nehru had a back ground of good contribution in freedom struggle, whereas Indira was totally with nearly zero contribution. Leave this aside.

Subhash vs Nehru

Nazies were not favored by most of the leaders of India. This was  because Hitler was not democratic and he used to insult Indian leaders. Subhash met two Nazi’s leaders to not insult Indians. But there were rumors that Subhash had no faith in Non-violence. However Subhash was equally popular to that of JL Nehru or he was even more popular than JL Nehru to some extent.

In 1939 Nehru had no courage to submit his candidature for the Congress Presidentship elections, against Subhash.

Maulana Azad once submitted but he withdrew in favor of Dr. Pattabhi Sitaramayya. The delegates defeated Dr. Sitaramayya by marginal votes. Since Sitaramayya was suggested by MK Gandhi, Gandhi said that it was his own defeat. Gandhi congratulated Subhash, and there after he asked Subhash that he should form his own working committee.

Now what was the legal position?

Subhash could have taken over the Congress by forming his own working committee. But the delegates’ verdict cannot be reversed. All the members of the then prevailing working committee submitted their resignation because they had faith in non-violence as per the basic principles of the Congress.

It was a big task for Subhash to have the working committee members of his choice to get elected by re-calling Extra Ordinary General meeting. Had Subhash done so, Subhash would have been defamed as hungry of power.

Compare: Indira Gandhi had no majority in working committee in 1969, but she called EGM and bifurcated the Nehruvian Congress.

As per constitution of Congress party, anybody is authorized to call EGM with 20% supporting members. But the Congress president has to be convinced. This was not done through proper channel by Indira Gandhi. Thereby there was a court case.

Court ruled that in democracy the people are supreme, and since majority of MPs have supported Indira, her Congress is the real Congress. But the property went to Organizational Congress where the working committee owned by the old Congress president due to his majority support in the working committee.

The ruling of the Court was controversial. Piloo Modi an excellent parliamentarian, had made a joke and a fun. He said, “Suppose in next election, in a case if Congress (I) get less seats and if Congress (O) gets more seat, then would the Court reverse its ruling?


Subhash Chandra Bose could have done similar to what Indira did in 1968-69. Subhash could foresee the bifurcation of Congress. Since Subhash did not want to weaken the Congress, he resigned from the post of the President of the Congress party. Subhash was not after power. He was not hungry of Power like Indira Gandhi.

Gandhi and Subhash both of them had the purely ideological conflict.

The main evil of “Vote Bank politics” is “Love thy enemy” for sharing the power.

The democracy is “love thy enemy “, do communicate and discuss, but do not negotiate with the ideology.

Gandhi and Subhash has great respect for each other. But many immature persons do not know this.


It is the matter of surprise as to why some of the supporters of Subhash have no respect for Gandhi?

It is possible that these pro-Subhash have not read MK Gandhi.


It is their mind set to not read anything in favor of MK Gandhi, and not to apply mind.

That is why they simply produce conclusive remarks. At the most they would base their conclusion on a matter that itself is controversial.

These people do not know that they themselves are becoming  un-authentic. Not only this, the group to which they belong to, or as they disguise to belong to that group, that same group itself becomes untrustworthy. i.e. Some of them disguise they are pro-BJP, but they make BJP leadership itself un-authentic by virtue of their prejudicial and illogical approach.

e.g. If you say Gandhi had asked Congress leadership to Boycott the Crips Commission. This M-Phobia would ask an irrelevant question, as to “why did Gandhi not put a single favorable condition for Hindus before British?”

These people with M-phobia thinks it is better to be emotional because common men, in most cases, go with emotions, then why to take a pain of further reading.

They also think “It is better to show our mental braveness, by exhibiting conclusive remarks, to abuse a personality. This is the best style to exhibit their sensitivity. By this way they try to establish “look. We are so much keen on national interest that we can even derogate a big personality like MK Gandhi.

The aim of these “M”- phobia persons is to devaluate the strategy and wisdom of MK Gandhi, and this too on hypothetical base. If you would give some material they would not read it. If you become logical they would jump to other point.

One more fake conclusion of this lot is that “Gandhi was puppet and he was an agent of British government.”

You cannot argue with this lot.  They must know that Churchil was most genius in making strategy. But this Churchil was afraid of MK Gandhi, because he knew that Gandhi could not be trapped. Churchil was so much scared of MK Gandhi, that he had refused to give an appointment to MK Gandhi. He had insulted MK Gandhi on his dress.

Yes. When one has prejudice and lesser intelligence than his opponent, then he would avoid the opponent who has clear concepts.

Now if in reality MK Gandhi had been an agent of British Government, he was supposed to, be in a good book of Charchil. Churchil would have never refused MK Gandhi for an appointment. On the contrary Charchil and Gandhi could have met several times. But you know, logic does not work for those who are determined to abuse MK Gandhi.

Better you recall Chanakya’s stement that “with whom one should discuss and with whom one should avoid the discussion.”

Can you convince a Nehruvian Congi leader on logic? No. They would find fault with PM Narendra Modi for his failure within 60 days of his rule. But they would not see any fault of Nehruvians of their 60 years of rule. Because they do not want to use sense of proportion.

These people use to speak the language of Jinna.

Don’t hate them. Have a mercy.


Earlier a king had a right to be emperor. He can invade other country. Now it is not.

The world going towards non-violence. If not then current Muslims would have been highly honored worldwide.

democratic Gandhi

One should understand from the history that violence results into violent society. The violent political society promotes dictatorship.

The black and white example is the to day’s status of Pakistan. Jinna had promoted “Direct Action” (a violent movement), though Jinna had believed in democracy. Jinna had fought a lot cases of the freedom fighters. Jinna was secular also. But the ultimate result due to Jinna’s “Direct Action” we see in Pakistan on date,  that the people of Pakistan are all confused and a lost mass.

The Similar example is USSR where Lenin uprooted Czar Empire with violent struggle. The rein captured by Stalin. USSR had shortages and non-transparency because its base for independence was “violence”.


The main reasons are:

Autocracy cannot survive with non-violence, autocracy has to be violent,

Autocracy cannot survive with transparency,

Autocracy cannot survive with all the time with conducting elections,

Thereby Autocracy is prone to corrupt a ruler and the society.

The ruler has the full scope to get improved in democracy. This is not possible in autocracy. Because in autocracy the ruler does not know as to where what battle is being fought.

Why the democratic way or so to say the Non-violent way is superior to the Violent way of struggle is superior for freedom struggle?

If the ruler is committed to democracy then Non-violent movement is more advisable. e.g. British vs Indian independence struggle with non-violence.

The non-violent struggle is fought on moral ground,

The non-violent struggle can even be played by individuals,

The non-violent struggle is always with understanding the each element of issue,

The non-violent struggle provides awareness and supplements your logical brain,

The non-violent struggle makes a person courageous morally, physically and strategically,

In non-violent struggle, an individual’s human rights are maintained because it is being made against a so-called democratic ruler.

During the non-violent struggle, the mass gets educated. The mass can be trained at many places, whereas for violent struggle you have to carry out the practice in a forest or in a secret area,

The non-violent-struggle can be made much more transparent due to ease in communication, whereas the violent struggle cannot remain transparent,

The non-violent-struggle has a capacity to involve more and more persons progressively, as soon as the mass-awareness gets spreaded up, whereas this is not possible in a violent struggle to that extent,

In non-violent struggle, you can do your normal work till you get arrested, whereas in violent struggle you have to engage yourself full time to hide your self,

In non-violent struggle you can feel supremacy over ruler, because you have moral grounds and you have gained moral courage and physical courage both,

During non-violent struggle you can foresee the likely time and action of the ruler, thereby you have more option for future plan, whereas during violent struggle you have all the way uncertainty,



Simply routine elections cannot make a country fully democratic.

We need to have constituted voters’ council,

We need to have a constituted system for “Calling the representative back” as and when he/she loses our faith,

We need to have transparency in the draft of the bills which are proposed by a party in its election manifesto. This is essential because, a party does not show its transparency in the draft of the bill, the party at a later stage can play mischiefs in the bill at the time when it puts the bill before the parliament. That is why the public must know the draft of the bill, well before the elections.

We need lot of changes in governance and judiciary.



A punishment on a breach of law cannot be non-violent in totality under present situation,

If a person attacks you, you have the right to protect yourself. To protect your right to live and right to live peacefully, you can be violent and you can kill the person who attacks you physically,

The Indian government has a right to arrest Omar, Farukh and all other leaders who had power to execute to protect the human rights of 5-7 lakhs of Hindus of Kashmir.

These leaders can be arrested and prosecuted because these leaders have been remained inactive in performing their duties . The responsibilities lies with the Officials of Human Right Commission too. The Human Rights Commission can be de-recognized by the Indian Government.


Rama was a democratic king. Rama was much more democratic than any of the present democratic leaders. Rama heard the opinion of a washerman. Rama and his ministry could not reply to the points raised by the washerman. They honored the opinion of the washer man.

But the persons like Rama can come on the earth, after several thousand years. Our life is only for 100 years.


Three persons were in a jail. e.g. “A”, “B” and “C”

“C” asked to “A”, why are you in jail?

“A” said I was favoring “Popovich”

“C” asked “B” , “Why are you in jail?”

“B” said, “I was against “Popovich”

Then “A” and “B” asked to “C”, why are you in jail?

“C” replied “I am Popovich”

This is all about socialism without transparency.

Shirish Mohanlal Dave

Tags: Gandhi, violence, non-violence, struggle, independence, contribution, principles, ideology, faith, democracy, truth, Subhash, popular, transparency, human rights, constitution, politic, party, Congress, Nehru

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સમસ્યાઓનું નિરાકરણ એટલે નવ્ય સર્વોદયવાદ – ૫. મોદીના સ્વપ્નનું ગામ કેવું હોવું જોઇએ?

વપરાશના મકાન વિષે ગાંધીજીના ખ્યાલોઃ

દરેક મકાનમાં હવા ઉજાસ હોવા જોઇએ,

સૂર્યનો તડકો આવવો જોઇએ,

આકાશ જોઈ શકાતું હોવું જોઇએ,

સંડાશ હોવું જોઇએ,

નાના બાળકને રમવા માટે મોકળાશ હોવી જોઇએ,

મકાનની કિમત રુપીયા ૫૦૦થી વધુ ન હોવી જોઇએ.

આપણે તેમાં ઉમેરીએ કે:

મકાનમાં ગીલેરી હોવી જોઇએ,

મકાનની એક બાજુ સુદૂર સુધી ખુલ્લી જગ્યા હોવી જોઇએ,

હવાની અવરજવર થઈ શકે તે માટે હવાને આવવા જવાનો રસ્તો હોવો જોઇએ,

મકાનના રહેવાસીઓ પોતાને કોમ્યુનીટીમાં રહે છે અને સાથે સંવાદ કરી શકે છે તેવી સગવડ હોવી જોઇએ,

શાળા નજીક હોવી જોઇએ,

દુકાનો નજીક હોવી જોઇએ

પાણીના નળ હોવા જોઇએ,

પાણીના નિકાલની સગવડ હોવી જોઇએ,

શાસન સાથે સંવાદ કરવાની અને સમસ્યાનું નિરાકરણ કરવાની સગવડ હોવી જોઇએ,

સામાજીક સુરક્ષા, વ્યક્તિગત સુરક્ષા અને આરોગ્ય સુરક્ષા હોવી જોઇએ.

રહેણાંકની ગોઠવણ

રહેણાંક કોલા ક્ર્મ ૫,૬,૭, અને ૮ની ગોઠવણને આપણે એક મોડ્યુલ ગોઠવણ કહીશું. આ ગોઠવણ અનેક પ્રકારે થઈ શકે.

રહેણાંકના કોલાઓની ગોઠવણ કઈ કઈ રીતે થઈ શકે તે નીચેના ચિત્રમાં બતાવ્યું છે.

ત્રણ અને ચાર કોલાને પણ ગ્રુપમાં લઈ શકાય.

શાસન શું આપશે?

શાસન ફક્ત દિવાલ વગરના કોલાઓ આપશે.

ધારો કે ત્રણ કોલાનું એક મંડળ લીધું છે. અને એક કુટૂંબને બે કોલા આપ્યા અને એક કુટૂંબને એક કોલો આપ્યો. આવા સંજોગામાં બે કુટૂંબની કોમન દિવાલ શાસન બનાવી આપશે.

દરેક કોલાઓ ની બહારની દિશાઓમાં લોખંડની જાળીઓ આરસીસી પીલરમાં કે ગેલેરીના આરસીસી વર્કમાં ફીટ કરીને આપવામાં આવશે. આ બહારની દિશામાં પડતી આ જાળીઓને જો તેઓ ગેલેરીમાં હશે તો તેને ચણતરથી બંધ કરી શકાશે નહીં. પણ બીમ ઉપર દિવાલ બનાવી શકાશે.

ગ્રામ્ય વિસ્તારના નવસંરચના સંકુલમાં ગ્રાઉન્ડ ફ્લોર ઉપર નો એક પ્લાન નીચે આપેલો છે.

જમીન તળ

પશુપાલકોના અને કૃષકોના ઢોર તથા તેમના રહેઠાણ દર્શાવેલા છે. કારીગરો અને માલધારીઓના રહેઠાણો સામે સામે છે. પણ કારીગરોના રહેઠાણો પેસેજમાં ખુલે છે. માલધારીના મકાનો બહારની તરફ ખુલે છે.

દુકાનોની પાછળના ભાગમાં વાહન પાર્કીંગની વ્યવસ્થા ગોઠવવામાં આવી છે.

દુકાનોની અંદર પ્રવેશ ફક્ત પેસેજમાંથી જ જઈ શકાશે.

જો આ વિસ્તાર શહેરી વિસ્તાર હશે તો વાહન પાર્કીંગની વ્યવસ્થા ભોંય તળીયામાં હશે.

ઉપર ૧૫ફૂટ બાય ૧૫ ફૂટના બે કોલા છે. એક એક કોલો બે ગરીબ કુટૂંબને ફાળવેલો છે. દરેક કોલા સાથે બે ગેલેરી છે. આ ગેલેરીને લોખંડની જાળીઓ ૩ફૂટની પડદી કરી લગાવવામાં આવી છે.

એક જ માળ ઉપર આવેલા અને એક જ હરોળમાં રહેલા કોલાઓના અલગ અલગ રીતે ગ્રુપ બનાવી શકાશે.

(૧) બે કોલાનું એક ગ્રુપ. બે કે એક કુટૂંબને આપી શકાશે

(૨) બે કોલાનું એક ગ્રુપ પણ બની શકે. ચારે બાજુથી ખુલ્લું આ વ્યવસ્થા જો જમીન વધુ હશે તો આમ થઈ શકશે.

(૩) ચાર કોલાનું એક ગ્રુપ. બે કે એક કુટૂંબને આપી શકાશે.

(૪) ઉપર નીચેના કોલાઓ પણ એક કુટૂંબની ઈચ્છા હોય તો આપી શકાશે.

 મોડ્યુલ અને રચના

પક્ષીઓનો ઉપદ્રવ અને ગંદકી ટાળવા દરેક કોલાની બહારની ખુલ્લી બાજુએ લોખંડની જાળીઓ લગાવવામાં આવશે.

કોલાઓની રચના કેવી હશે?

માળની સંખ્યાને અનુરુપ પીલરોનું કદ નક્કી થશે.

બીમ બધા પ્રીકાસ્ટ કરવા હશે તો તેને કરી શકાશે.

સ્લેબ માટે સ્લેબના નાના નાના એલીમેન્ટ હશે તેને ગોઠવીને સ્લેબ તૈયાર કરવામાં આવશે.

આર સીસી વર્ક

પીલર અને બીમ નું આરસીસીઃ

આ પ્રમાણે પીલર અને બીમ ના પ્રીકાસ્ટેડ (કારખાનામાં તૈયાર કરેલા) ટૂકડાઓને જગ્યા ઉપર જોડવામાં આવશે અને આરસીસીનું બહુમાળી માળખું તૈયાર થશે. સ્લેબના એકમો પેસેજમાટે ગોઠવી દેવામાં આવશે. સ્લેબના એકમોને સીમેન્ટથી ચોંટાડવામાં આવશે અથવા ચૂનાથી ચોંટાડવામાં આવશે.

પત્થરોના પીલર અને બીમ.

જ્યાં મજબુત પત્થરો ઉપલબ્ધ છે ત્યાં પત્થરોનો ઉપયોગ પીલર અને બીમ અને બીમના એલીમેન્ટ (એકમ) બનાવવામાં થઈ શકશે. આમાં આવતી તકનીકી (ટેક્નીકલ) સમસ્યાઓ ઉકેલી શકાય તેમ છે. પત્થરો ના પીલરો સહેલાઈથી બની શકે. પણ પત્થરોના પ્રીકાસ્ટેડ બીમ બનાવવા માટે તેને યોગ્ય આકારમાં એકબીજામાં ફસાવી શકાય અને આ જોડાણ તેમાં લગાવેલા બાઈન્ડીંગ મટીરીયલ (જોડાણ મજબુત રહે તે માટેનું રસાયણ) તથા ધાતુની સ્લીવ (બાંય) કે ધાતુની પટ્ટીઓ થી મજબુતાઈથી બાંધીને કરી શકાય છે.

જો કે દશેક માળ સુધીનું જ સંકુલ હોય તો પત્થર ગૂનાના પીલરો કરી શકાય. તેનું કદ મોટું રાખવું પડે. બે પીલર વચ્ચેના બ્લોકની ડીઝાઈન બદલવી પડે.

નવ સંરચના

શહેરી વિસ્તાર અને ગ્રામ્ય વિસ્તારોમાં પણ નવ સંરચના (રીડેવેલપમેન્ટ), કરતી વખતે જેઓ બેકાર છે અને ઘરવગરના છે કે ભીખારી છે તેમને સુવાની સગવડ આપી શકાય.

જો પ્રીકાસ્ટેડ બીમ, પીલર અને સ્લેબના એકમો કારખાનામાં તૈયાર કરવામાં આવે તો એક કોલો એક કુટૂંબને આપવામાં આવે તો તેનો ખર્ચ ત્રણ કોલા જેટલો આવે. કારણ કે આપણે અમુક જગ્યા ખુલ્લી છોડીએ છીએ અને પેસેજ પણ આપીએ છીએ.

એટલે કે ૭૫ ચોરસ મીટરના બાંધકામ જેટલો ખર્ચ થાય. એક ચોરસ મીટરનો ખર્ચ ૫૦૦૦ રુપીયા થાય તો ૭૫ ચોરસમીટરનો ખર્ચ ૭૫ ગુણ્યા ૫૦૦૦ થાય. એટલે કે ૩૭૫૦૦૦ (ત્રણ લાખ પંચોતેર હજાર રુપીયા) થાય. ગાંધીજીએ જે સમયે રુપીયા ૫૦૦ ની લીમીટ રાખેલી ત્યારે સોનાનો ભાવ ૩ રુપીયે ગ્રામ હતો. આ પ્રમાણે ગણો તો ૫૦૦ રુપીયામાં તે વખતે ઓછામાં ઓછું ૧૬૫ગ્રામ સોનુ આવતું હતું.

આજે સોનાનો ભાવ ૩૦૦૦ રુપીયે ગ્રામ છે. એટલે ૧૬૫ ગ્રામ સોનું ૪૯૫૦૦૦ (ચારલાખ પંચાણું હજાર) રુપીયામાં આવે. આ પ્રમાણે ઘર ગાંધીજીએ બાંધેલી સીમામાં રહેણાંકનું મકાન તૈયાર થઈ શકે છે.

ગ્રામ્ય અને શહેરી વસ્તીઓમાં જ્યાં જમીનનો વ્યય થયેલો છે ત્યાં આ નવ સંરચના અમલમાં મુકવાથી ઘણી જ જમીન ફાજલ પડશે,

ફાજલ પડેલી જમીન ઉપર નવી સંરચનાઓના સંકુલ અમલમાં મુકી શકાશે.

બાગ બગીચાઓ થઈ શકશે.

વાહનવ્યવહારનું રસ્તાઓ ઉપર દબાણ ઓછું કરી શકાશે.

શાળા નજીક થઈ શકશે,

સંકુલના શાસકીય વહીવટનું કાર્યાલય સંકુલમાં જ રાખવાથી જનતાને સરળતા રહેશે,

મિલ્કતને લગતા કોર્ટના કેસો નાબુદ થશે,

ગેરકાયદેસર બાંધકામ ના બનાવો નષ્ટ થશે,

સંકુલના રહેણાંકમાં પ્રવેશ સુરક્ષા ચકાસણી થયા પછી જ થતી હોવાથી અને દરેકની નોંધણી થયેલી હોવાથી ગેરકાયદેસર પ્રવેશ અશક્ય છે.

સંકુલમાં મતદાર મંડળ હશે,

સભાખંડ હશે.

દરેક કાર્યવાહીઓ ની વીડીયો ક્લીપ બનશે.

દરેક પ્રસ્તાવની નોંધ રહેશે,

દરેક જગ્યાએ સીસી કેમેરા રાખવાથી અરાજકતા દૂર થશે, ગુનાઓ લગભગ નાબુદ થશે

જનતાની સુરક્ષા વધશે,

પેસેજની સામસામે સૌના નિવાસસ્થાનો આવેલા હોવાથી સહજીવન (કોમ્યુનીટી) નો આનંદ વધશે. એકલતા દૂર થશે,

સામૂહિક આનંદ પ્રમોદના સાધનો વધારી શકાશે.

સ્વાસ્થ્ય સુવિધાઓ સરળતાથી અને તાત્કાલિક રીતે આપી શકાશે,

દરેક નિવાસ્થાનને સૂર્યનો તડકો અને હવા ઉજાશ મળવાથી, જનતાની તંદુરસ્તી સુધરશે,

પાણીના વપરાશના નિકાલની સગવડ હોવાથી નિષ્કાસિત પાણીનું શુદ્ધિકરણ કરવાની વ્યવસ્થા સંકુલમાં જ કરવામાં આવ્શે.

સંકુલના પીલરો ઉપર અને અગાશી ઉપર સોલર-પેનલ રાખવામાં આવશે.

જો શક્ય હશે તો પવનચક્કીઓ પણ બે કોલાઓ ના એકમોની વચ્ચે રાખેલી જગ્યામાં બીમ ઉપર ફીટ કરવામાં આવશે.

આ વિદ્યુત ઉર્જાનો ઉપયોગ લીફ્ટ ચલાવવા અને રાત્રે પ્રકાશ માટે કરવામાં આવશે.

કશું મફત મળશે નહીં.

શાસન જેઓ ઘરવગરના હશે તેમને ભાડે રહેઠાણ આપશે. અથવા ભાડા-ખરીદ પદ્ધતિના ધોરણે માલિકીના હક્ક આપશે.

જે વ્યક્તિઓ કે કુટૂંબો નિશ્ચિત સમય મર્યાદામાં હપ્તાઓ કે ભાડું ભરી નહીં શકે તેઓને દંડ ભરવો પડશે અને આ દંડ કે બીજો કોઈ પણ દંડ પહેલાં વસુલ કરવામાં આવશે. દરેક સંકુલમાં એક બેંક હશે. અને તેમાં દરેક વ્યક્તિના ખાતા હશે. દરેક વસુલાતો તે ખાતામાંથી થશે. જોકે આ માટેના નિયમો શાસન નિશ્ચિત કરશે.

જેમને હાલ તુર્ત કશું કામ આપી શકાય તેમ નથી, તેમને અંબર ચરખો કાંતવાનું કામ આપી શકાશે અને તેમાંથી રહેવાના કે સુવાના ભાડાના પૈસા વસુલ કરવામાં આવશે. જો કે પાંચ ત્રાકનો અંબર ચરખો આઠ કાંતવાથી એક વ્યક્તિને તો પૂરતી રોજી મળી શકે છે.

દરેક શાસન કર્મી એ નિશ્ચિત વસ્ત્રો અને તે પણ ખાદીના જ વસ્ત્રો પહેરવા પડશે.

આ પ્રમાણે કોઈ કામવગરનું રહેશે નહીં.

દરેક સંકુલનો તમામ વહીવટ, શાસનો વહીવટી (એડમીનીસ્ટ્રેટીવ) અધિકારી કરશે.

શિરીષ મોહનલાલ દવે,

ટેગ્ઝઃ નવ્ય સર્વોદયવાદ, મોદીના સ્વપ્નનું ગામ, સંકુલ, મકાન, કોલો, રહેણાંક, શાસન, નવસંરચના, કૃષક, કારીગર, ગ્રામ્ય, પીલર, બીમ, એલીમેન્ટ, સ્લેબ, આરસીસી, પ્રીકાસ્ટ, એડમીનીસ્ટ્રેટીવ, અધિકારી, સીસી કેમેરા, વીડીયો, ઉર્જા, સોલર પેનલ




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એક સંકુલનો એક માળસમસ્યાઓનું નિરાકરણ એટલે નવ્ય સર્વોદયવાદ – ૪. મોદીના સ્વપ્નનું ગામ કેવું હોવું જોઇએ?

ખાદ્ય ચીજોના ઉત્પાદનને લગતી નીતિઓ એટલે કે અન્ન, ફળ, ઘાસ, ફુલ, મૂળ, પશુપાલન, દૂધ વિગેરે બાબતોમાં કેવી પ્રક્રિયાઓ અપનાવવી તે   “સમસ્યાઓનું નિરાકરણ એટલે નવ્ય સર્વોદયવાદ – ૩”માં જોયું.

ટૂંકમાં ઘાસ, અન્ન, ફુલ, મધ, મૂળ જેવા પદાર્થો ઉત્પન્ન કરવા માટે જમીનનો ઉપયોગ ન કરવો.

હા, તમે વૃક્ષની નીચે રહેલી જમીનનો ઉપયોગ જેતે ખાદ્ય પદાર્થો જેવા કે ઉગી શકે તેવા ઘાસચારા, ફુલ કે ખાદ્ય કંદમૂળ ઉગાડી શકો છો. વટવૃક્ષની નીચે કુટીર બનાવી શકો છો. જેનો તમે રહેઠાણ કે ગૃહ ઉદ્યોગ તરીકે ઉપયોગ કરી શકો છો.

ઘાસ, અન્ન, ફુલ, મધ, મૂળ જેવા પદાર્થો ઉત્પન્ન કરવા માટે બહુમાળી મકાનો બનાવવા પડશે. ગેલેરીઓમાં ફુલ અને શાકભાજી ઉગાડવા પડશે.

તો હવે શું ખેતરો નષ્ટ કરી દેવા પડશે?

તાત્કાલિક કશું થઈ શકતું નથી. પણ આ દિશામાં ગતિ કરવી પડશે. આનો પ્રારંભ શહેરની નજીકના ખેતરો થી કરવો પડશે.

ભારતમાં નગરોની નજીક રહેલી જમીનના ભાવો આકાશીય થઈ ગયા છે.

જમીન માફિયાઓ, જનપ્રતિનિધિઓ, સરકારી કર્મચારીઓ અને સરકારી અફસરોની મિલિભગતથી વ્યાપકરીતે અરાજકતા વ્યાપી રહી છે.

સામાન્ય ખેડૂત પણ એક જ જમીનનો ટૂકડો વેચવા માટે અનેક પાસેથી બાનાખતના પૈસા પડાવે છે.

જમીનની માલિકીને લગતા પારવિનાના કેસોનો ન્યાયાલયોમાં ભરાવો થયેલો છે.

જમીનનું રાષ્ટ્રીયકરણ કરી દેવું જોઇએ

નગરની નજીક રહેલી જમીનનો ભાવ અત્યારે એકચોરસવારના ૧૦૦૦૦ રુપીયા તો છે જ. આ ભાવ એક ચોરસવાર બાંધકામ કરતાં લગભગ ડબલ છે. ભ્રષ્ટચાર કરવા માટે જનપ્રતિનિધિઓ, સરકારી અફસરો, જમીન માફીયાઓ અને બીલ્ડરોની દાઢ સળકે છે.

“અમે જમીન નહીં આપીએ”,

“અમારે તો ખેતીજ કરવી છે,

ખેતી સિવાય અમારે કશું કરવું નથી,

ધરતી અમારી માતા છે,

અમે તો ધરતીના પૂત્રો છીએ,

“અમે પ્રાકૃતિક જીવનમાં માનીએ છીએ,

“સરકાર ગૌચરની જમીન વેચી રહી છે,

“ભારતીય સંસ્કૃતિનો નાશ થઈ રહ્યો છે”,

“ભારતીય પરંપરાનો નાશ થઈ રહ્યો છે,”

“જગતના તાતને આત્મહત્યાઓ કરવી પડે છે,”

આવી અનેક વાતો જનતાના બની બેઠેલા પ્રતિનિધિઓ, નેતાઓ અને સમાચાર માધ્યમના ખેરખાંઓ ચગાવે છે. વાસ્તવમાં તો ભરવાડો અને રબારીઓ ગૌચરની જમીનનો કબજો જમાવી લે છે અને જમીન માફીયાઓ પણ પોતાનો ભાગ ભજવે છે.

સંભવ છે ક્યાંક ખેડૂતોને અન્યાય થઈ રહ્યો હશે અને ખોટું થઈ રહ્યું હશે. કેટલાક કિસ્સાઓમાં સામાજીક રીતિરિવાજો પણ કારણભૂત હોય છે. આ બધા ઉપર સંશોધન થવું જોઇએ. સરકારે કસુરવારોને જેલભેગા કરવા જોઇએ.

ટૂંકમાં જો જમીનને લગતી સમસ્યાને જડમૂળમાંથી નષ્ટ કરવી હોય તો વ્યક્તિના જમીનની માલિકીને લગતા હક્કો નષ્ટ કરવા પડશે. બીજી સ્થાવર મિલકતને લગતા હક્કોને પણ નિયંત્રિત કરવા પડશે.

મકાનના હક્કોઃ

મકાનો જમીન ઉપર થાય છે. એટલે કઈ જમીન નો ઉપયોગ કેવા મકાનો માટે કરવો તેના માટે શાસન નિયમો બનાવશે.

સમજી લો આપણે બહુમાળી મકાનોના સંકુલો તરફ જઈ રહ્યા છીએ.

જો ગામડાંઓને એટલે કે જમીનના એક હિસ્સામાં રહેતી વસાહતને સંકુલમાં ફેરવવી પડશે. સંકુલ એટલે એક એવું બહુમાળી મકાન જેમાં કુટુંબોને રહેવા મળતું હોય, દુકાનો હોય, સ્વકીય ગ્રામોદ્યોગ-ધંધાઓ હોય, શાળા હોય, જરુરી અને પરવડે તેમ હોય તો કોલેજ પણ હોય, સરકારી કાર્યાલયો હોય, વાહનો અને પશુઓને રાખવાની સગવડ હોય, ગોદામો હોય, બસસ્ટેન્ડ હોય, કસરત અને ખેલકુદની વ્યવસ્થા હોય.

સંકુલ કેવું હશે?

સંકુલ એક બહુમાળી મકાન હશે,

આ સંકુલની રચના જે જમીન ઉપલબ્ધ હશે તેને અનુરુપ હશે.

એક નમૂના રુપ સંકુલ અહીં દર્શાવેલ છે.

આ સંકુલ ના કોલાઓ પ્રબલિત કાંકરેટ એટલેકે અંદર લોઢાના સળીયા કે તાર નાખેલું કોંકરેટના ચણતરથી બનેલું હશે. આ આર.સી.સી. કોલાઓ છે.

આ એક કોલો પાંચ મીટર લાંબો, પાંચ મીટર પહોળો અને ત્રણ મીટર ઉંચો હશે.

એટલે કે કોલાઓની હરોળનો ઉપયોગ રહેઠાણ કે સામાન્ય ઉપયોગ એટલે કે પેસેજ, દાદરો કે લીફ્ટ તરીકે કરાશે. બાકીની હરોળોનો ઉપયોગ રહેઠાણો તરીકે થઈ શકશે. કોલાને ૨૫ ચોરસમીટરનો ખંડ બનાવી શકાશે. આ ખંડને દિવાલો નહીં હોય. પણ ૪ મીટર લાબી અને દોઢ મીટર પહોળી એવી બે ગેલેરીઓ સંલગ્ન હશે. આ ગેલેરીઓ લોખંડની જાળીઓથી જડેલી હશે જેથી કોઈ તે ગેલેરીમાંથી નીચે કચરો નાખી ન શકે કે પાણી ઢોળી ન શકે.


ઉપરોક્ત ચિત્રમાં બીજો માળ બતાવવામાં આવ્યો છે.

જમીન તળ દુકાનો અથવા અને કાર્યાલયો હશે. આ કોલાઓને ગેલેરી નહીં હોય અને કોલાઓ સળંગ હશે. તેથી પેસેજની બંને બાજુ સળંગ ૨૦+૨૦ એમ ૪૦ દુકાનો માટેના કોલાઓ હશે. જે તે દુકાનદારને તેને અનુરુપ દુકાનના કોલાઓ વેચવામાં આવશે. એક વેપારી કે કારીગર એક કરતા વધુ કોલાઓ ખરીદી શકશે.

રહેઠાણની સંપત્તિના નિયમોની રુપરેખાઃ

શાસન, કોલાઓનું જુદાજુદા ઉપયોગ માટે વર્ગી કરણ કરશે અને તે પ્રમાણે તેનું વેચાણ કરશે. જેમકે, વેપાર, સેવા, કાર્યાલય, ગૃહ ઉદ્યોગ, શાળા, કોલેજ, રહેણાંક વિગેરે

વેચાણ લેનાર તેની માગણી અનુસાર એક કરતા વધુ કોલાઓ ખરીદી શકશે. પોતાના કોલાઓમાં માલિક વિભાગો કરી શકશે. પણ તોડફોડ કરી શકશે નહીં.

જો આ કોલાઓ પ્રજાની સંપત્તિના વિનિયમયમાં થયા હશે એટલે કે જેણે જેટલી જમીન શાસનને પરત કરી હશે તેના કરતાં અઢી ગણા વિસ્તારની સીમા જેટલા કોલા-વિસ્તાર આપવામાં આવશે. આમાં ૨૦ ટકા ની બાંધછોડ કરી શકાશે.

જેઓએ જમીન વગરનું મકાન શાસનને આપ્યું હશે તેને તેના માલિકીના વિસ્તારના દોઢ ગણા જેટલા રહેણાકના કોલાવિસ્તાર આપવામાં આવશે. તેમાં પણ ૨૦ ટકાની બાંધછોડ કરી શકાશે.

આ કોલાઓ તેણે જે તે વ્યવસય માટે લીધા હોય તે વ્યવસાય જ કરી શકશે.

કોલાઓની માલિકી અને ભોગવટાના હક્ક, જે તે વ્યક્તિ કે વ્યક્તિ સમૂહ, બીજી વ્યક્તિ કે બીજા વ્યક્તિ સમૂહને વેચી શકશે. પણ તેનું મૂલ્ય સરકારે નિશ્ચિત કર્યું હશે. શાસન તે મિલ્કતનો કબજો લઈ તે વેચાણ કે ભોગવટાના હક્ક લેનારને તે મિલ્કતનું હસ્તાંતરણ કરશે. મિલ્કતના વેચાણના કિસ્સામાં શાસન તે મિલ્કતની ૬ ટકા કિમત પોતાની પાસે રાખશે.

ભોગવટાના હસ્તાંતરણના કિસ્સમાં શાસન, મિલ્કતના વાર્ષિક ભાડાના દશ ટકા દર વર્ષે વસુલ કરશે. આ રકમ શાસન, આગોતરી વસુલ કરશે. મિલ્કતનો માલિક, ભોગવટાના હક્કનું આગામી વર્ષમાટેનું મૂલ્ય દર હિસાબી વર્ષના પ્રારંભે પોતાની મરજી પ્રમાણે નક્કી કરી શકશે.

એટલે કે જો મિલ્કતનો માલિક મિલ્કતના ભોગવટાનું (ભાડાનું) મૂલ્ય ભોગવટાનો હક્ક તારીખ ૧૫-૦૧-૨૦૧૪ ના રોજ આપે છે. તો તે તેજ સમયે ૦૧-૦૨-૨૦૧૫થી શરુ થતા વર્ષમાટે ભાડું નક્કી કરી જણાવશે. શાસન ભાડાખતનો એક નમૂનારુપ દસ્તાવેજ બનાવશે. તેમાં રહેલાં પ્રાવધાનો દરેક માલિકે અને ભાડવાતે માનવા પડશે. આ ઉપરાંતના પ્રાવધાનો માલિક ઇચ્છે તો ઉમેરી શકશે.

અનિવાર્યપણે વેબ સાઈટ

દરેક ધંધાદારી કે કારીગર જાહેર સેવા કરનારી વ્યક્તિએ સરકાર દ્વારા સૂચિત પ્રાવધાનો વાળી વેબ સાઈટ શાસનને આપવી પડશે. શાસન, તેને તે સંકુલની વેબસાઈટમાં એક લીંક તરીકે ગોઠ્વશે. આ વેબ પેજ ઉપર મિલ્કતની વિગત, ધંધાની વિગત, મિલ્કતનો માલિક, ભોગવનાર, પોસ્ટલ એડ્રેસ, સંપર્ક ઈમેલ એડ્રેસ વિગેરે વિગતો દર્શાવવી પડશે. આમાં થનારા ફેરફાર માટે મિલ્કત ના ભોગવાનારે ૧૫ દિવસ પહેલાં નોટીસ આપવી પડશે.     

કૌટૂંબિક હસ્તાંતરણના કિસ્સાઓમાં, શાસન, કશી વસુલી કરશે નહીં. વસિયતનામામાં જેનું નામ લખાયેલું હશે કે નોમીનેશન જેના નામે હશે તેને થતા હસ્તાંતરણમાં શાસન, કશી વસુલી કરશે નહીં. મિલ્કતને ગીરો રાખી શકાશે પણ તે માટેની નોંધણી શાસનમાં કરાવવી પડશે.

રહેણાંકના મકાનો કેવા હોવા જોઈએ તે વિષે વિગતો તપાસીએ.


શિરીષ મોહનલાલ દવે

ટેગ્ઝઃ ગ્રામ્ય, શહેર, જમીન, ખેતર, મકાન, સંકુલ, કોલો, મિલ્કત, માલિક, ભોગવટો, ભાડવાત


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RSS was not banned for indefinite period.

One can agree that a common man of RSS be scared of going to jail. Are the leaders of RSS too are supposed to be scared of Jail?

RSS was not banned for a very long time.

Why it could not be banned for indefinite period, because in democracy it can be challenged in a court of law.


Godse had killed MK Gandhi, but his action was not supported by any resolution passed by the general body or working committee of RSS.

Further the constitution of RSS does not provide to kill a Hindu, leave aside Muslims. In 1948, some leaders of RSS might have been arrested who had been doubted for their awareness of the plan of Godse and support to the plan.

Most RSS leaders were not proved guilty. This is because Godse had decided of his own.

Veer Savarkar was also not punished as a party with Godse. He was banned for social activities. Madanlal was punished to life imprisonment who had tried to kill MK Gandhi . Madanlal’s plan was failed. There was a group and had prepared plans. The third plan was successful. And all of the eight accused were convicted for preparing plan and executing it. Godse and Apte were hanged. Other six were punished with life imprisonment.


Now as per Gandhi and otherwise also, a person who loves its nation, and if it wants to make its nation an independent nation, it has right to agitate.

If Godse had moral right then MK Gandhi had moral right, as well as legal right too, to express. It was not Gandhi who failed to control carnages. It was the government that failed, the government which had power to control the situation. Gandhi had no power.

If Godse wanted to play insurgency against Gandhi he could have discussed the disputes with Gandhi. He could have given a notice for discussion before he decided to kill him.

Recall and remember. According to Indian culture, a notice for conducting negotiation need to be given before waging a war. It was Government and power holders in the government required to be targeted by Godse. The target could never be Gandhi for Godse.

Culprits were punished. But what was about many other leaders of RSS? There were many injustice on Hindus and on India where the interest of India was hurt.


Nehruvian policy on Tibet, China, Burma had made irreparable harm to India and Indian society.

If RSS was against division of India, what did it do when Iskander Mirza had suggested for Federal Union of Pakistan and India in 1955?

Are these issues, political issues only? Not at all. They were highly related with the security and interest of India.

RSS cannot shirk from the responsibilities from keeping mum on such national issues when it passes the blame of partition of India on MK Gandhi.

RSS kept mum. Is it because RSS was banned? Not at all. RSS was banned only for few months from Feb. 1948. I myself was a member of Saurashtra High School Shakha in 1949 to 1951 in Rajkot. There was no ban on RSS. And otherwise also, RSS members and leaders are citizens of India, and the rights of citizen always prevail.

Is it that the RSS leaders were frustrated due to mass arrests during 1948?

Is it that the RSS leaders were scared of jail?

Had the RSS leaders believed as, had they been agitated against Nehruvian Congress on Tibet, China, Burma and Pakistan issues, they would had been sent to jail?

No. Not all all.

One must know that the then opposition leaders in Parliament had very badly opposed the policy of Nehru. But they had no adequate mass support to uproot the Nehruvian Government in subsequent elections. RSS leaders had simply ignored the matter. RSS leaders could have mobilized the mass and could have provided support of mass to the opposition parties. But the RSS leaders had not tried at all.

Are the RSS leaders scared of punishment?

Yes. It appears like that. At the time of general elections in 1980, the RSS leaders did not come out for preventing Indira Ghandi to come to power, though this Indira Ghandi had executed may scams and frauds with the nation. Simla Pact with Pakistan, Deal with Union Carbide, Imposition of Emergency and political lift to Bhindaranwale to make him politically stronger. This Bhindaranwale had opened the doors of India for cross border terrorists, these were the good reasons to prevent Indira Ghandi to power in 1980.

Is it that the RSS leaders are hypocrite, timid and lacking in sense of wisdom?

The nationalist persons have to be always at war at least to fight out with a pen if not with a sword. But as per the RSS it says that they don’t believe in non-violence. They believe in violence.

If it is like that, then they should had fought out with violence, no need to have phobia of Mahatma Gandhi.    

Leave this aside. Discussion on MK Gandhi is no way significant. He is dead. Otherwise also he had no power.


Nehruvians are alive.

Nehruvians always remained in politics and only politics for power posts.

Nehruvians held power post and that too Number One Power Post,

Nehruvians were and are paid from public money.

Nehruvians misused their power at large scale for their own benefit.

Nehruvians divided people of India, they made money through scandals, frauds and scams. They have lot of money by which they can control media and vote bank. They are not least significant. They have culture to topple any government by any means and at any cost to the nation.


Now Narendra Modi has come to power. He is Neo-Mahatma Gandhi. Support him with big hand. Get rid of misconceptions about MK Gandhi. Gandhi is not relevant to fight a war against Nehruvian Congress. Uproot Nehruvian Congress to establish social morals and dignity of India.

Shirish Mohanlal Dave

Tags: MK Gandhi, Indira Ghandi, Nehru, Nehruvian, Congress, Godse, RSS, leaders, scared, jail, Narendra, Modi, Neo-Mahatma Gandhi

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In both the insurgency persons involved has to be ready for punishment.

In both the cases, one has to make up its mind to leave its relatives, friends, home, job, town and even the country. This inevitably happens in more or less proportion. One’s family is off course going to suffer socially, mentally and monetarily.

Then what is the difference between these two?


A person goes with weapon,

A person can be non-transparent,

A person goes underground,

A person fights physically,

A person gets beaten,

A person goes to jail,

A person faces litigation and say if a person gets convicted then the person would undergo punishments like house arrest, jail, life time jail, exile jail, up to capital punishment.


In old days in India a war was played associated with fair principles. Rama, Pandava, Chandra Gupta, Rana Pratap, Shivaji and many others, say lastly Subhash Chandra Bose had waged war on moral grounds. We leave this aside in this blog. One can watch Subrhamanian Swami on this topic on You Tube.


A person is always ready for discussion,

A person keeps transparency,

A person goes without weapon,

A person does everything openly,

A person gives a notice,

A person suffers all tortures physically and mentally,

A person gets beaten,

A person goes to jail,

A person faces litigation and say the person gets convicted then the person would undergo punishment like house arrest, jail, life time jail, exile jail and capital punishment.



A person may not get capital punishment. But this punishment cannot be ruled out if the government is non-democratic.

Democracy is a relative term. A government could be less democratic and could be hypocrite. Such government can kill a person in many other ways.

We know as to how the life of Shyama Prasad Mukharjee was ended up.

We know very well as to how Jai Prakasha Narain was treated medically in the jail and how was he taken to near death condition by the Nehruvian progeny Indira Ghandi.

We know about a lot of persons as to how they had been disappeared from the world by the Nehruvian Governments.

This indicates that the non-violent person or a group of persons has to be ready for facing indirectly imposed capital punishment.


What was the decided policy between violent Insurgents and non-violent insurgent during Indian freedom struggle?

Both of them had decided that they should not come into mutual conflict. They should run the struggle on their own principles.

The supporters of Bhagat Singh defame MK Gandhi on the plea that MK Gandhi did not save the life of Bhagat Singh. According to them, it was possible for MK Gandhi to save the life of Bhagat Singh. As said by them a proposal was made by the British.

First of all one should understand that an insurgent has to be ready for any punishment including the capital punishment. The insurgent is supposed to foresee it and the insurgent is supposed to accept it, in case the capital punishment comes to the insurgent.

Bhagat Singh was not timid. He was not scared of punishment. He had foreseen it. He was ready to accept it. He had not prayed for any relief in punishment.

Now suppose, MK Gandhi might had prayed the British to provide relief to Bhagat Singh who believed in insurgency with violation, what could British had done?

As for Gandhi, the British were cunning and not reliable. Besides this it was beyond doubt that British could use such approach of MK Gandhi to defame him maximum. One should not be silly to ask Mahatma Gandhi to fall in the trap of British.


Is it that, in case Narendra Modi had submitted apology the matter would have been ended up there?

No. It would have given a big weapon to pseudo secular to demoralize Narendra Modi and BJP too.

Modi is equally clever and smart like MK Gandhi.

You must be smart enough to understand Narendra Modi and Mahatma Gandhi.

A time has come to apply logic and spell out logically because your stupidity can harm the BJP lead Government.

Shirish Mohanlal Dave

Tags: Insurgence, Agitation, Violence, Non-violence, punishment, MK Gandhi, Godse, notice, communication

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